If you don’t know about Deep Blue and Kasparov… and IBM’s involvement, then you have a bit of chess catch-up to do!
Chess Pieces info on this link!
This is interesting bits/pieces about Chess…
I wonder if I can add no 68?….Chess … the sport with the most books written !!
Oxford was the first university to have a chess club, in 1845.
As strange as it may seem, Brooke Shields (yes, that Brooke Shields) was a member of the 1990 Chess World Championship organizing committee.
The first newspaper chess column appeared in the Liverpool Mercury in 1813.
George Koltanowski played 56 consecutive games blindfolded in 1960. He won 50 and drew the other 6.
Al Jolson, the first movie actor of the talkies, formed a chess club consisting of radio stars called Knight Riders of the Air.
In 1922, Jose Capablanca played 103 opponents at once in Cleveland, drawing 1 game and winning all the rest!
The first chessboard with alternating dark and light squares appeared in Europe in the 11th century.
Although far from an expert chess player, the exiled Lenin was so preoccupied with correspondence chess that he often rattled on about it in his sleep.
The first chess game played by telephone was played by two gentlemen in Derbyshire, England, in 1878.
In the television series STAR TREK, Captain Kirk and Mr. Spock played chess 3 times. Kirk won every game.
Boris Yeltsin founded the Sverdlosk Chess Club in Russia. He exhorted his friend Anatoly Karpov to open it.
In 1974, Stockholm hosted the first world computer chess championship, won by the Soviet program, Kaissa.
The first pocket chess set was created by the author of ROGET’S THESAURUS, Peter Mark Roget in 1845.
Surrealist artist Salvador Dali designed a chess set that replaced traditional chessmen with silver fingers and thumbs.
When Napoleon died, he willed that his heart be cut out and placed inside a chess table.
The first computer program to play proper chess was written at MIT by Alex Bernstein in 1958-59.
When Garry Kasparov was 19 years old, he was considered to be the second strongest player in the world.
Hungarian Gyorgy Negyesy (1893-1992), who died just short of his 99th birthday, was the longest-lived master chess player.
Dr. Emanuel Lasker of Germany held the world chess championship longer than anyone else – 26 years and 337 days.
Talk about a bad day! Austrian master Josef Krejcik played 25 games simultaneously in 1910 and lost every one.
Chess angel: Kate Jackson, of Charlie’s Angels fame, admitted during a TV interview that she would rather play with her Sargon chess computer than watch TV.
Edith Price, proving that one is never too old for a sprightly game of chess, won the British Ladies Championship in 1946 at the age of 76.
The largest chess display occurred during the Chess Olympics in Havana: 300 expert players took on 20 opponents each on 6,840 boards.
In 1985, Garry Kasparov became the youngest man ever to win the world chess championship, at the age of 22.
In 1982, Yugoslav chess journalist Dimitrije Bjelica played in the greatest number of games at one time in Sarajevo: 301. Nine hours later, Bjelica completed the games with a record of +258, =36, -7.
Short game: In a match just before he became world champion, Bobby Fischer played I.C4 to open a game against Grandmaster Penno. Penno immediately resigned.
Chess a violent game?
After enduring a mid-game murder attempt in an international tournament in Saltsjobaden, USSR grandmaster David Bronstein went on to win both the game and the tournament.
The 1876 Customs Act was instituted in Britain after it was discovered that indecent chess pieces were sent to an all-girls boarding school.
Can’t get enough! Vlastimil Hort of Czechoslovakia put on one of the most amazing exhibitions of simultaneous chess ever. He played 550 opponents, 201 simultaneously, and lost only 10 games, all in just over thirty hours in Iceland in April of 1977.
Anatoly Karpov once listed his hobbies as “stamp collecting” and “Marxism.”
Talk about a bad day! A New Jersey player invited 180 opponents to play him in an exhibition in 1977. Only 20 showed up and 18 won. One of his two victories came when he played against his mother.
A keen interest in alcohol cost Alexander Alekhine his world championship in 1935. Two years later, he renounced alcohol in favor of milk and won back the championship.
Garry Kasparov took part in the first satellite simultaneous exhibition in 1984, playing opponents in both London and New York. In 1988, Kasparov played 10 opponents in Australia, Belgium, Canada, England, Italy, Japan, Senegal, Switzerland, USA, and USSR, winning 8, drawing 1, and losing 1.
Janos Flesch played 52 strong players, winning 31 games, drawing 18 and losing 3 over 12 hours – blindfolded!
Blindfold chess was forbidden by law in the former Soviet Union because it was considered artistically pointless and harmful to one’s mental health.
The first chess tournament on record was held at the Royal Court in Madrid in 1575. Giulio Polerio and Giovanni Leonardo defeated Ruy Lopez and Alfonso Ceron in a series of matches arranged by King Phillip II.
The first chess tournament held in the US was the American Chess Congress, held in New York in 1857 and won by Paul Morphy.
The most players ever to compete in one tournament at the master level was 1,251 at the appropriately-named World Open in 1985.
The longest game on record took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, on February 17, 1989 between Ivan Nikolic and Goran Arsovic. The game took more than 20 hours, with 269 moves made between the two, and it ended in a draw.
Francisco R. Torres Trois took 2 hours and 20 minutes to make one move in a game against Luis M.C.P. Santos, in Vigo, Spain in 1980. That’s the slowest single move on record. Ironically, he only had two possible moves to consider!
Wilhelm Steinitz defeated Johann Hermann Zuckertort in the first world championship of chess, in 1886. Chess was the second sport to have a world championship, after billiards (1873).
Dr. Emanuel Lasker of Germany held the world chess championship longer than anyone else – 26 years and 337 days.
Wilhelm Steinitz of Austria, and later the US, was the oldest world champion of chess – he was 58 years and 10 days old when he lost the title to Dr. Emanuel Lasker in 1894.
Garry Kasparov of the former USSR was 22 years and 210 days old when he beat Anatoly Karpov for the world championship of chess on November 9, 1985, making him the youngest men’s champion in history. However, the youngest world champion of all was Maya Chiburdanidze of the former USSR, who was 17 years old when she won the women’s title in 1978.
Anatoly Karpov was awarded the world championship in 1975 when Bobby Fischer refused to appear to defend his title, thereby becoming the first world champion to win the title without playing an actual match.
Nona Gaprindashvili of the former USSR was the first woman to achieve men’s international grandmaster status in 1978. She also became the first woman to win a “men’s” chess tournament when she tied for first place at Lone Pine in 1977, and has since had a perfume named after her in Russia.
Judit Polgar of Hungary was the youngest person to attain international grandmaster status, at 15 years and 150 days old, on December 20, 1991. Bobby Fischer of the US was 15 years, 6 months, and 1 day old when he became the youngest man to become an international grandmaster.
Niaz Murshed of Bangladesh is the youngest person to ever win a national championship, winning the Bangladesh championship at age 12 and later becoming the first (and only) grandmaster from Bangladesh at the age of 20.
The first chess magazine, LE PALMEDE, was founded in 1836 by La Bourdonnais. The periodical was named after Palamades, an ancient Greek inventor, who is one of the many fabled creators of chess.
The oldest newspaper chess column still in existence runs in The Illustrated London News, and first appeared in 1842.
The first match played by telegraph occurred in 1844 between Washington, DC and Baltimore, using the first American telegraph.
The Anderssen-Kolisch match of 1861 was the first match played with a time limit. An hourglass gave each player 2 hours to make 24 moves.
In 1902, passengers on the American liner Philadelphia and the Cunard liner Campania 70 miles away in the Atlantic played the first match by radio, transmitting their moves by wireless operators aboard the ships. The match was not concluded, since the radios were needed for navigational use.
The USA and USSR played the first international radio chess match on record in 1945, which was also the first international sporting event after the outbreak of World War II. It marked the debut of the USSR in international sport. Never before had a team representing the USSR played another country in any form of sport. Mayor LaGuardia of New York City made the opening move for the US, while Ambassador Averill Harriman officiated the match in Moscow.
The first chess game played between space and earth occurred on June 9, 1970. Cosmonauts on the Soyez-9 played their ground crew on a chess set designed specifically for the weightless environment. The game ended in a draw.
THE CHESS PLAYERS, painted in 1490, was the first known painting with a chess theme.
The first appearance of chess in a film was in THE WISHING RING, in 1914.
The first movie about chess was CHESS FEVER, made in Moscow in 1925 and starring Jose Capablanca.
BALLET DES ECHECS was the first known ballet with a chess theme performed for Louis XIV of France.
GAME AT CHESS, written by Thomas Middleton in 1624, was the first play that featured chess and was performed in England at the Globe Theater. The play was a biting political satire, presenting important statesmen of the day as chess pieces, and it played to packed houses before being shut down due to political pressure. Middleton was arrested and jailed, and the actors were all fined for their participation!
CHESS is a 1986 musical written by Tim Rice, the former playwriting partner of Andrew Lloyd Webber, and Benny Andersson and Bjorn Ulvaeus of ABBA fame. CHESS is based on the Fischer – Spassky World Championship match of 1972 and, at the time, was the most expensive play ever put on stage, with a budget of more than $4 million.
AUTO DA FE is a 1935 novel written by Elias Canetti, a Nobel Prize winner for Literature, in which the main character is a man named Fischer who wants to be the chess champion of the world.
In Stanley Kubrick’s movie 2001, the spaceship Discovery was run by a self-aware computer named HAL, who only wanted to play chess with humans. HAL ended up going mad and attempting to kill the crew of the ship.
The first time a chess computer and a person played a game under tournament conditions was at the Massachusetts Amateur Championship in 1967. MacHack VI, created at MIT, didn’t win but still ended up with a 1239 provisional rating.
BELLE, a chess program created by Ken Thompson and Joe Condon, has the distinction of becoming the first computer to be awarded the title of US chess master, in 1983. BELLE had previously won the 1980 World Computer Chess Championship.
David Strauss holds the dubious distinction of being the first international master to lose to a computer, losing to an experimental Fidelity machine at the 1986 US Open.
Dr. Hans Berliner, a former world correspondence champion himself, programmed a chess program named HITECH, which won a Pittsburgh masters’ tournament with a performance rating of over 2400 and the North American computer championship in 1986, and then won the 1988 Pennsylvania State Chess Championship outright after defeating International Master Ed Formanek (2485) in the last round.