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Posts Tagged ‘photos’


These are only random photos, taken in 2008 – we were in the vicinity of Mockerkin, Hadrian’s Wall, Cockermouth, – this is also William Wordsworth and Beatrix Potter-country. Those who are regular readers, you def saw my B Potter entry – of a few years ago. We also visited Whitehaven – a coastal town with an interesting history – linking to America – see whitehaven.org.uk for some really interesting reading. I took these photos with my old olympus, so quality not great at all.

Ek maak verskoning vir die Olympus foto’s, was glad nie ‘n goeie kopie toe ek die kamera gekoop het nie, ek dink hy lê nou al ‘n paar jaar iewers op ‘n ashoop. Meeste van hierdie foto’s het ek nog nie voorheen geblog nie, ek wil nie regtig veel sê nie, want daar is nie baie om te sê as jy net na ‘n ou deur, murasie, posbus of iets dergeliks kyk nie. Ek hoop dit maak sin. Hadrian se murasie-foto’s sal ek eendag plaas, die weer was eintlik so sleg daardie paar dae, dat ek meer museum-foto’s van die besoek aan sy muur het, as regtig die muur self.

We stayed near Loweswater – one of the lakes in the Lake District.

 

Wonder who is behind this door? Story writing idea!

Hadrian’s Wall – Princess Anne 1999 – Hadrian’s Wall is where Carlisle is – see the map in this entry.

I like to photograph post boxes as well, don’t ask me why, I don’t know, it’s one of those things that attracts me. I have many photos of post boxes. I like gravestones, old doors, stone walls, – anything old with ‘character’. 

Gravestones can be quite interesting, look at the beautiful detail on this one. [click on the images for a large view]

On this gravestone there are a few family members’ names.

 

Note on doors: NO PARKING – some people never read such messages.

Another – narrow road – and wobbly too – if you ask me. Most of the time on roads like this one, people are allowed to park – ANY direction! – as long as there is only a single yellow line. Well, don’t ask how many times I had to manoeuvre myself around parked cars – on both sides of the road. In the UK there is not a rule that says you need to park – with your car –  facing the direction you’re driving. You can park the opposite way too. It’s just crazy.

Who lives here? Moomins? or… maybe the fairies!

 

All sorts of ‘tools’ found in this ‘building’ – someone is definitely using them – at some point.

Have you noticed what’s in the window?

Whitehaven

Whitehaven – click on the image to read!

Whitehaven – looks like a painting 

A fine seat… for tired legs – beautiful animal carvings

Mockerkin/Cockermouth – somewhere – wonder who is behind this door and what he’s doing there?

Here is the Beatrix Potter-entry  if you have missed it.

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Sunny Sunday Shoo

shoo (sh)
interj.
Used to frighten away animals or birds.
tr.v. shooed, shoo·ing, shoos
To drive or frighten away by or as if by crying “shoo.”

This dictionary explanation is from: The Free Dictionary.com-site. When the kids in class are getting too noisy, I sometimes would say: ‘shoo, ….noise-level…’ and they think it’s very funny and will start getting the giggles. In the movie, ‘Out of Africa‘, Meryl Streep uses the word too, actually twice and the second time was to ‘shoo’ animals away – buffalo – I think.

I took these pictures a week ago, and in Fireworks discovered a little ‘something’ I’ve never used before and thought to play around with it a little bit – frames!  It’s sort of hidden in a menu where you would not usually look for  it, especially when you want to adjust pictures. There’s never really time to get to know the software, like I really want to, and was quite surprised when I discovered it. These are only a few ‘tests’, ;0, so nothing to get excited about, though I do like the second picture. If you haven’t seen ‘Out of Africa’, you can watch some clips on youtube, although not the real movie as such, but it will give you a taster of what it’s like – a movie based on a true story. Oh, these pictures were taken in Cornwall – the second one on the road back. You can click on the pictures for a larger view. PS: I don’t have Photoshop – My Photoshop [Elements] is neither compatible to Windows Vista, nor to Windows 7 – so money down the drain, though I’ve tried to find a fix for Vista – without success. 

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I was tagged by Boendoe to show my handwriting and the same time I need to tag 5 other bloggers to do the same, but I’ve tagged 8. Also, it was time for a new camera and I spoilt myself with this Sony,  but must add that I haven’t had the time to try it out as yet. I only took a few pics to test it. These images were taken from the garden and I zoomed in till I couldn’t anymore. The camera: Sony Alpha DSLR A200. Oh, of course the names on the list are the students in my tutor group for the new academic year which starts in September in the UK, but new Y7′s, Y12′s and Y13′s will only be joining us in September. Students on this list are a mixed from Y8- age 12 till Y11- age 16. I might have about 7-9 more students.

I’m going to tag the following bloggers to show their handwriting:

the7new7ramanujan*
Norrbu*
Boerinballingskap
Ray*
Kop
mnrmuller
Skoor
Juffer

*English-blogs

Sonya200 

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I was in Hounslow this morning. I was glad I went early as it’s another boiling, hot day today. I ventured quickly through the shops as I knew the sun will start baking down on me and then it’s no pleasure to wander around looking for a bargain or two. All the shops have their specials and it’s quite a good time – now with the credit crunch – to shop as you will even find items marked down 50-70%. This road is only a pedestrian zone, but buses do travel through here for shoppers, which is nice and convenient. I usaully park in Treaty Centre – see the last image – as it’s quite central and you can access all these shops within a few minutes walk from the centre. We normally buy at Tesco’s groceries – and sometimes you find some clothing you like too – Tesco is not in Hounslow, it’s in Osterley, where we live. Osterley is about 5 min drive from this shopping centre and also, Osterley is a small area, part of Isleworth! –very confusing, I know!haha ..Hounslow is also the borough we live in.

On one image you will see Holland and Barret – that’s where we buy our vitamin-supply and all sorts of dry fruits and bars, always fresh. This area is quite leafy and there are a couple of benches where shoppers can relax and have their daily meetings with their friends. (some on their mobiles!) Normally this place is as busy as an ant’s nest! You don’t want to go here on a Saturday, it can get too busy – for someone like me not having too much patience with people not really knowing what they actually want to buy. I also go to this centre when I need to top-up my perfume…at the bottom image, you can see Beauty Base. Debenhams sells a variety of stuff including kitchenware. Come rain!

Die Treaty sentrum is ons naaste inkopie-sentrum, maar ook nie baie ver nie, is Ealing Broadway wat ook baie lekker is om inkopies te doen, alhoewel ons min daar uitkom. Tesco het gewoonlik als wat jy wil hê, selfs klere, maar jy kry mos nie altyd alles wat jy wil hê by een plek nie, daarom sal ons af en toe London toe gaan of Richmond toe gaan. Richmond is om en by 20 min (met verkeer) van ons af en net so heerlik om inkopies te doen, hulle het ‘n groot verskeidenheid van winkels. Twickenham is ook om die draai by ons, maar ek was nog net vir ‘n ete in ‘n Chinese Restaurant daar, nog nie regtig na die winkels gaan kyk nie. As jy ‘n heerlike omgewing soek om te bly, dan is Osterley regtig die plek om te bly. Dit is ‘n vinnige 3-5 min se stap vanaf Osterley stasie – wat op die Piccadilly lyn is – die lyn wat ook Heathrow toe gaan. Van hier af na sentraal London, ry jy per trein so 3/4 uur, dis nou met al die stoppe tussen-in en as daar geen oponthoud op die treine is nie. Gewoonlik is die diens goed op die Piccadilly lyn, maar druktyd kan dit nogal erg raak en kom vertragings tog voor, maar darem nie daagliks nie. Gelukkig hoef ek nie meer op die “Underground” te reis nie, ek dink ek het genoeg gehad van die vier jaar wat ek dit in-en-uit gedoen het. Mens raak bietjie moeg vir dit, maar dit bly ‘n gerief. Jy’t geen spanning van verkeer en verkeersopeenhopings en ompaaie wat jy moet neem as jy op ‘n besige snelweg is waar daar ongelukke was en afritte gesluit moet word. Dit kan nogal ‘n nagmerrie wees. Ons het nou byna vyf jaar hier in Osterley gebly en verhuis na Amersham oor ‘n maand. Google die naam en sien hoe mooi daardie omgewing ook is. As jy planne het om in London te kom bly, moet jy baie mooi seker maak in watter area jy wil bly, want daar is areas waar jy liewer nie wil bly nie, dalk nie eers ook daar naby wil wees nie. Een so ‘n area is Peckham. Met die skoolhouery in London-laerskole – aflos wat hulle hier Supply noem, het ek baie areas leer ken en so die skole ook. Jy wil baie beslis nie jou kinders in daardie skole ook hê nie, nie eers vir ‘n uur nie.

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Geniet/Enjoy Laurika Rauch met ‘n gedeelte van Lisa se klavier/Lisa’s piano. Draaikewers is a poem from “Joernaal vir Jorik”…”The Journal of Jorik” which is really one of my many favourite-Opperman poems. “Man met flits” (“man with a torch”) is one which we discussed/studied at  School.
 

We have wonderful friends in South Africa and they visited us a couple of months ago…about Feb/March. They don’t go  on holiday very often due to business, but when they do go, they go to all the awesome places in South Africa and sometimes Botswana. This is one of their pictures. They were on holiday in SA and straight from there they went to Finland and then London, so all their wonderful pictures were still on their cameras when they visited us and they downloaded a few on my pc…and I’ve thought to share this beautiful pic with you. It’s actually much larger, this is only about half of the image. I also have it now on my desktop as a wallpaper image. I think you have to agree with me that this is really a fantastic shot! And I’ve said many times and I want to say it again, South Africa is the best place for your sunset pics! You want to disagree? I’ve got a fantastic poem here too..if you can’t read it, it’s Afrikaans…enjoy the picture! The poem’s title in English is “Whirligig beetles” – see the image at the bottom and you can read here more about this beetle. The link will open in a new window. The poem is not about the beetle itself, but about time that is running out in this relationship… like the beetle’s movement…in circles. If you’re Afrikaans, you may want to read my “reply” to “Draaikewers” on my “Gedigte-My Poems” page..I’ve done it for the fun and I quite like it…I used the other half of this lovely sunset Pic…so if you want to enjoy the pic only, feel welcome…

D J Opperman…painted by Philip Terblanche.
See more paintings and sculptures of
South African writers here. The link will open in a new window.

Diederik Johannes Opperman, (1914 – 1985) was one of the best-known Afrikaans poets.

He was born on 29 September 1914 in Dundee in Natal, where he grew up. He went to school in the towns of Estcourt and Vryheid, and afterwards received an M.A. degree from the University of Natal. He taught at schools in Pietermaritzburg and Johannesburg, and later on became editor of “Die Huisgenoot”. In 1949 he became a lecturer at the University of Cape Town. During this period he completed one of his most important publications – “Digters van Dertig” (Poets of the thirties) – in 1953.

From 1960 to 1975 he was a professor of Afrikaans at Stellenbosch University, where he also served on the editorial board of the publication “Standpunte” (“points of view”). He died in 1985 in Stellenbosch.

He won the coveted Hertzog prize for poetry in 1947 for his collection “Heilige beeste” (“Holy cattle”). He also wrote “Negester oor Ninevé” (“Nine star over Niniveh”), “Joernaal van Jorik” (“The Journal of Jorik”), “Engel uit die klip” (“Angel from the stone”), “Blom en baaierd” (“Flower and Chaos” or perhaps “Flower and rubble”), “Dolosse” (“Knucklebones”), “Kuns-mis” (“Artificial manure”), “Edms. Bpk” (“Pty. Ltd”) en “Komas uit ‘n bamboesstok” (“Comas from a bamboo pole”).

His three verse plays, “Periandros van Korinthe” (“Periandros of Corinth”), “Vergelegen” (a place name, lit. “faraway”) and “Voëlvry” (“Outlaw”; lit. “bird-free”) appeared in 1954, 1956 and 1968.

His collected essays on literature were published as “Wiggelstok” (“Wiggle-stick”), “Naaldekoker” (“Dragonfly”) and “Verspreide opstelle” (“Spread-out essays” – the direct opposite of “Collected essays” in Afrikaans).

He won four Hertzog prizes (in 1947, 1956, 1969 and 1980), four Hofmeyer prizes (in 1954, 1956, 1966 and 1980), two CNA Prizes (in 1964 and 1980), a prize from the “Drie-Eeue Stigting” (“Three Centuries Foundation”) in 1956, the Louis Luyt-prize in 1980 and the Gustav Preller prize for literary criticism in 1985.

The South African composer Cromwell Everson wrote music for some of Operman’s poems e.g. “Kontraste” and “Nagstorm oor die see”.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/D._J._Opperman

Image: xymara.com

Man met flits

In die klein wit kol
van my wete stol

bruin en skerp ’n klip
soos ’n bok wat skrik,

staan, vinnig weghol
uit die klein wit kol.

Aan ’n takkie hang
twee ogies wat bang

uit die klein wit skyn
van my flits verdwyn.

Oor waters wat glip
soek ek klip na klip

maar ’n duister land
bedreig my alkant.

D. J. Opperman

Image: fireflyforest.net

Image: mieliestronk.co.za

Image: – whirligig beetle…bugguide.net

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Image:eso-garden.com

This song is one of my favourites, sung by Laurika Rauch, also one of my favourite South African artists. Laurika is a legend in South Africa and many South Africans love her for her music…and I’m definitely one of them. If you click on the page-link that says…”don’t miss this song”, you can listen to her singing another song together with Valiant Swart…and I’ve translated that song for you to understand the song that’s about a sun catcher… This song is about her as a young girl, where she says she used to believe in Santa ….she saw Santa walking through the corn fields one day and her brother asked if Santa was from Clocolan….then one day  she saw Santa’s suit…and she realised that he wasn’t real…all her dreams were scattered… she also sings about girls having dreams about their future partners and she wrote a letter to Santa …describing him her dream partner…


WOW! This image is from THIS SITE where you can see more fantastic breathtaking images! This is the road to Clocolan…the small town Laurika mentions in her song…in her song her little brother asks her if Santa was from Clocolan…
 

EK HET IN MY KINDERJARE VAS GEGLO IN KERSFEESVADER
IN WERKLIKHEID RY HY MOS MET ‘N SLEE
MAAR HIER STAP HY DEUR DIE MIELIES, MET ‘N STREEPSAK
EN ‘N KIERIE
EN MY BOETIE VRA, “BOER HY BY CLOCOLAN?”
KOOR:
WAAR IS JOU RENDIER EN SILWER SPORE?
WAAR IS ONS DROME VAN GISTERAAND?
VLIEG OOR DIE BOME MET MY DROME
KYK HOE GLINSTER DIE MAAN

DIE WINDE VAN DIE WINTER HET MY KINDERHART ONTNUGTER
EK EN BOETIE KRY ‘N ROOI JAS IN DIE LAAI
JONK VAN JARE, OUD VAN DAE, HUIL EK HARTSEER
IN MY KAMER
WANT DIE FANTASIE HET SOOS ‘N DROOM VERDWYN

KOOR

IN ‘N BRIEF VAN LATER JARE, SKRYF EK “LIEWE KERSFEESVADER
ELKE MEISIE HET ‘N SPESIALE WENS
VIR ‘N MAN SO SOET SOOS SUIKER, MET ‘N MOTOR SONDER DUIKE
EN SOEN HY JOU DINK JY DIS NET ‘N DROOM”

KOOR

EK STAP TOE OP ‘N AAND LAAT, MET ‘N KÊREL UIT DIE VRYSTAAT
AL BESTUUR HY ‘N OU BAKKIE, SÊ EK “KERSFEESVADER, DANKIE!”
WANT AL SY SOENE IS SOOS SUIKER, EN IN SY HANDE ‘N DIAMANT
VLIEG OOR DIE BOME MET MY DROME
KYK HOE GLINSTER DIE MAAN

HIER’S ONS KINDERS OM DIE BOOMPIE, HULLE WAG NOU VIR DIE OOMPIE
MY DOGTERTJIE IS NET ‘N BIETJIE BANG
MAAR HY STAP SOMMER UIT DIE BRANDERS, JA DIE TYE HET VERANDER
MY SEUNTJIE VRA, “WOON HY IN JEFFRIESBAAI?”

KOOR
Read what Wipneus says in her post about “dreams” HERE , but it’s an entry in Afrikaans. The link will open in a new window.

Image:Childrenshospital.org

On THIS LINK you can read about dreams….The link will open in a new window.

From the book “Dreams”…by Olive Schreiner…

 And God laughed at me; and I wondered why he laughed.

God said, “Come, and I will show you Heaven.”

And partly I awoke. It was still and dark; the sound of the carriages had
died in the street; the woman who laughed was gone; and the policeman’s
tread was heard no more. In the dark it seemed as if a great hand lay upon
my heart, and crushed it. I tried to breathe and tossed from side to side;
and then again I fell asleep, and dreamed.

God took me to the edge of that world. It ended. I looked down. The
gulf, it seemed to me, was fathomless, and then I saw two bridges crossing
it that both sloped upwards.

I said to God, “Is there no other way by which men cross it?”

God said, “One; it rises far from here and slopes straight upwards.

I asked God what the bridges’ names were.

God said, “What matter for the names? Call them the Good, the True, the
Beautiful, if you will–you will yet not understand them.”

Please click HERE to read the entire book …”Dreams” online written by a South African writer…Olive Schreiner….the link will open in a new window….and on THIS LINK  you can read more about her…the link will open in a new window.

Image:http://zar.co.za/schreiner.htm
other works of Olive include:


The Story of an African Farm as Ralph Iron, 1883
Dreams, 1890
Dream Life and Real Life, 1893
The Political Situation (with S C Cronwright-Schreiner), 1896
Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland, 1897
An English South African’s View of the Situation, 1899
Women and Labour, 1911
Stories, Dreams and Allegories, 1923
From Man To Man, 1926
Undine, 1928

 

Olive Schreiner rose to international fame as the first major South African writer of fiction, as an eloquent advocate of feminism, socialism, pacifism and free thought, as a trenchant critic of British imperialism and racism. Perhaps best known for her novel ‘The Story of an African Farm’, Schreiner wrote political and social treatises as well as allegories and short stories.

She was born into a poor family of a Boer father and English mother, the ninth of 12 children. She lived a life of incredible hardship: her father was a missionary of implacable religious zeal and her mother aggressively attempted to maintain a European sensibility as the family nomadically wandered from mission to mission throughout the Transvaal. Schreiner was self-educated; her early influences included the philosophers Herbert Spencer and John Stuart Mill, and the naturalist Charles Darwin.”..read on the link I’ve given about her…more…

On THIS LINK you can visit the site of the movie based on her book…”The Story of an African farm”…
The link will open in a new window.

by Gustavus Hindman Miller.
Fireside; 1st Fireside Ed edition, 1985 | 592 pages | PDF | 1.4MB 
Click on the link to download the dictionary of dreams…the link will open in a new window.
the_dictionary_of_dreams_10_000_dreams_interpreted


 
What do you believe about dreams….read this interesting article if you want to dream like an Egyptian! I’ve got a Dutch dream book…more like a dictionary, but quite old…unfortunately packed away in SA…would love to have it so I could blog it..it was always interesting to read what they say if you dream about something, what it means… it has happened to me twice that I dream about people and funerals..then it was when there was really going to be a funeral in the family! The first time it happened was when I was a student…and a couple of days later, my beloved grandma died! After the second time, I really believe that there is some meaning we can attach to dreams!

 

Image: eso-garden.com

DREAMING LIKE AN EGYPTIAN

by Robert Moss

The ancient Egyptians understood that in dreams, our eyes are opened. Their word for dream, rswt, is etymologically connected to the root meaning “to be awake”. It was written with a symbol representing an open eye.

The Egyptians believed that the gods speak to us in dreams. As the Bible story of Joseph and Pharaoh reminds us, they paid close attention to dream messages about the possible future. They practiced dream incubation for guidance and healing at temples and sacred sites. They understood that by recalling and working with dreams, we develop the art of memory, tapping into knowledge that belonged to us before we entered this life journey, and awakening to our connection with other life experiences.

The Egyptians also developed an advanced practice of conscious dream travel.

Trained dreamers operated as seers, remote viewers and telepaths, advising on affairs of state and military strategy and providing a mental communications network between far-flung temples and administrative centers.

They practiced shapeshifting, crossing time and space in the dreambodies of birds and animals.

Through conscious dream travel, ancient Egypt’s “frequent flyers” explored the roads of the afterlife and the multidimensional universe. It was understood that true initiation and transformation takes place in a deeper reality accessible through the dream journey beyond the body.
Please click on
THIS LINK to read the entire article. The link will open in a new window.

 DO BABIES DREAM?

Babies dream, says Dr. Charles P. Pollak, director of the Center for Sleep Medicine at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell hospital in the New York Times.

In what seems like a rather gutless attempt to explain why he thinks babies dream, Dr. Pollack says, babies sleep because babies experience REM sleep (I have experienced REM sleep, too, any time you put in one of their last five albums). Because infants have REM sleep, Dr. Pollack says, “It is a well-based inference that babies are dreaming in REM sleep.”
Click HERE to read about babies’ dreams…The link will open in a new window.

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Voila!! Test with blogdesk! Due to the picture-uploading-problem with WordPress, which is still not sorted, one of my friendly blogger-friends…suggested I use blogdesk and this is my first post with blogdesk! Thank you, Chris…from “kop-op-n-blok”…see the blogroll for his blog… he’s always willing to help me with anything “technical”…these pictures were taken yesterday! Beautiful snow! It snowed a bit more later the morning and the snow was a bit thicker than what you see on these pictures.
Enjoy this video! Dogs and Polar Bears play together!

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http://www.drugaware.co.za

On THIS LINK  - links will open in a new window – you can find ALL information on different drugs, like mandrax, heroine, etc. etc…… click on the images and then follow the links on the top of the page once you are on the site of…www.drugcentre.org.za (South Africa’s site…there’s a lot of info to be found, very useful!!….try this site for other links…www.drugs.co.za)and…on THIS LINK (drugaware.co.za) you can see real photos and find more info on drugs!

What is alcohol? Alcohol is a clear drink that is made from corn, barley, grain, rye, or a beverage containing ethyl. When a person drinks alcohol, about 20 percent is absorbed in the stomach, and 80 percent is absorbed in the small intestine. The concentration of alcohol, the type of drink, and whether the stomach is full or empty depends on how fast the alcohol is absorbed. Once the alcohol is absorbed into the tissue, it affects your mind and body.  Blood alcohol concentration can rise up to 20 minutes after having a drink. After alcohol is absorbed it leaves the body in three ways: the kidneys, lungs, and liver.

How is it made?  Beer and  wine are called fermented beverages. They are made by adding yeast to a substance that contains sugar. The yeast starts the formation process, which turns sugar into ethyl and carbon dioxide gas. Beer is made from barley malt. The people who brew the beer soak the barley in water to make it sprout. When the barley dries, they take off the sprouts only leaving starch, or malt. The malt is ground up and mixed up with water to form mash. This is put into another mash which contains corn or rice that has been crushed and heated. The starch from corn or rice is then changed to sugar. Some dried flowers are added to the mash to add flavor, then the mash is fermented. Then the brewers age the beer for several weeks to add taste in the beer. http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0310171/what_is_alcohol.htm

A drug used to treat seizures and migraines may help alcoholics quit the bottle, according to a study in the US. And unlike other medications for alcohol addiction, sufferers can get help without having to completely dry out first.
“You can be treated immediately for the disorder when you are in maximum crisis,” says the lead author
Bankole Johnson at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, US.
Johnson and colleagues followed the progress of 317 individuals with alcohol dependence for 14 weeks. Half received treatment with the drug topiramate, an anti-convulsant sold under the brand name Topamax, while the other half received a placebo.
At the start of the study, participants were averaging about 11 drinks per day, and drinking heavily on more than 80% of their days. They totally abstained on approximately three days a month.
By the end of the study, those receiving the drug reported drinking heavily on just 20% of days. They also averaged only 3.5 drinks per day, and managed to stay completely sober more than half the time.

Pleasure blocking
The control group also improved, but significantly less. They drank heavily on more than 40% of days, consumed six drinks per day, and abstained from drinking about a third of the time.

Topiramate works by blocking the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine, which reinforces the pleasurable feelings that alcoholics get when they drink.

In an accompanying editorial, Mark Willenbring at the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism says the primary problem now is how to improve patient access to treatments like topiramate, since alcohol abuse remains a woefully under-treated disorder.

“One potential solution is for primary care physicians and psychiatrists to begin systematically identifying and treating alcohol dependence in their patients,” he says.

Topiramate, which is not currently approved by the FDA for alcohol abuse, is already being used “off label” for this disorder, according to Johnson. “My hope is that topiramate continues to be validated and tested by other doctors, and if they want to [prescribe it off-label], they should.”

 


Read article Here ….

WHAT IS ALCOHOL?
What Is Alcohol?
Alcohol is created when grains, fruits, or vegetables are fermented. Fermentation is a process that uses yeast or bacteria to change the sugars in the food into alcohol. Fermentation is used to produce many necessary items — everything from cheese to medications. Alcohol has different forms and can be used as a cleaner, an antiseptic, or a sedative.

So if alcohol is a natural product, why do teens need to be concerned about drinking it? When people drink alcohol, it’s absorbed into their bloodstream. From there, it affects the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord), which controls virtually all body functions. Because experts now know that the human brain is still developing during our teens, scientists are researching the effects drinking alcohol can have on the teen brain.

How Does It Affect the Body?

Alcohol is a depressant, which means it slows the function of the central nervous system. Alcohol actually blocks some of the messages trying to get to the brain. This alters a person’s perceptions, emotions, movement, vision, and hearing.

In very small amounts, alcohol can help a person feel more relaxed or less anxious. More alcohol causes greater changes in the brain, resulting in intoxication. People who have overused alcohol may stagger, lose their coordination, and slur their speech. They will probably be confused and disoriented. Depending on the person, intoxication can make someone very friendly and talkative or very aggressive and angry. Reaction times are slowed dramatically — which is why people are told not to drink and drive. People who are intoxicated may think they’re moving properly when they’re not. They may act totally out of character.

When large amounts of alcohol are consumed in a short period of time, alcohol poisoning can result. Alcohol poisoning is exactly what it sounds like — the body has become poisoned by large amounts of alcohol. Violent vomiting is usually the first symptom of alcohol poisoning. Extreme sleepiness, unconsciousness, difficulty breathing, dangerously low blood sugar, seizures, and even death may result.

Why Do Teens Drink?

Experimentation with alcohol during the teen years is common. Some reasons that teens use alcohol and other drugs are:

  • curiosity
  • to feel good, reduce stress, and relax
  • to fit in
  • to feel older

From a very young age, kids see advertising messages showing beautiful people enjoying life — and alcohol. And because many parents and other adults use alcohol socially — having beer or wine with dinner, for example — alcohol seems harmless to many teens.

Why Shouldn’t I Drink?

Although it’s illegal to buy alcohol in the United States until the age of 21, most teens can get access to it. It’s therefore up to you to make a decision about drinking. In addition to the possibility of becoming addicted, there are some downsides to drinking:

The punishment is severe. Teens who drink put themselves at risk for obvious problems with the law (it’s illegal; you can get arrested). Teens who drink are also more likely to get into fights and commit crimes than those who don’t.

People who drink regularly also often have problems with school. Drinking can damage a student’s ability to study well and get decent grades, as well as affect sports performance (the coordination thing).

You can look really stupid. The impression is that drinking is cool, but the nervous system changes that come from drinking alcohol can make people do stupid or embarrassing things, like throwing up or peeing on themselves. Drinking also gives people bad breath, and no one enjoys a hangover.

Alcohol puts your health at risk. Teens who drink are more likely to be sexually active and to have unsafe, unprotected sex. Resulting pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases can change — or even end — lives. The risk of injuring yourself, maybe even fatally, is higher when you’re under the influence, too. One half of all drowning deaths among teen guys are related to alcohol use. Use of alcohol greatly increases the chance that a teen will be involved in a car crash, homicide, or suicide.

Teen drinkers are more likely to get fat or have health problems, too. One study by the University of Washington found that people who regularly had five or more drinks in a row starting at age 13 were much more likely to be overweight or have high blood pressure by age 24 than their nondrinking peers. People who continue drinking heavily well into adulthood risk damaging their organs, such as the liver, heart, and brain.

How Can I Avoid Drinking?

If all your friends drink and you don’t want to, it can be hard to say “no, thanks.” No one wants to risk feeling rejected or left out. Different strategies for turning down alcohol work for different people. Some people find it helps to say no without giving an explanation, others think offering their reasons works better (“I’m not into drinking,” “I have a game tomorrow,” or “my uncle died from drinking,” for example).

If saying no to alcohol makes you feel uncomfortable in front of people you know, blame your parents or another adult for your refusal. Saying, “My parents are coming to pick me up soon,” “I already got in major trouble for drinking once, I can’t do it again,” or “my coach would kill me,” can make saying no a bit easier for some.

If you’re going to a party and you know there will be alcohol, plan your strategy in advance. You and a friend can develop a signal for when it’s time to leave, for example. You can also make sure that you have plans to do something besides just hanging out in someone’s basement drinking beer all night. Plan a trip to the movies, the mall, a concert, or a sports event. You might also organize your friends into a volleyball, bowling, or softball team — any activity that gets you moving.

Girls or guys who have strong self-esteem are less likely to become problem drinkers than people with low self-esteem.

Where Can I Get Help?

If you think you have a drinking problem, get help as soon as possible. The best approach is to talk to an adult you trust. If you can’t approach your parents, talk to your doctor, school counselor, clergy member, aunt, or uncle. It can be hard for some people to talk to adults about these issues, but a supportive person in a position to help can refer students to a drug and alcohol counselor for evaluation and treatment.

In some states, this treatment is completely confidential. After assessing a teen’s problem, a counselor may recommend a brief stay in rehab or outpatient treatment. These treatment centers help a person gradually overcome the physical and psychological dependence on alcohol.

What If I’m Concerned About Someone Else’s Drinking?

Many people live in homes where a parent or other family member drinks too much. This may make you angry, scared, and depressed. Many people can’t control their drinking without help. This doesn’t mean that they love or care about you any less. Alcoholism is an illness that needs to be treated just like other illnesses.

People with drinking problems can’t stop drinking until they are ready to admit they have a problem and get help. This can leave family members and loved ones feeling helpless. The good news is there are many places to turn for help: a supportive adult, such as your guidance counselor, or a relative or older sibling will understand what you’re going through. Also, professional organizations like Alateen can help.

If you have a friend whose drinking concerns you, make sure he or she stays safe. Don’t let your friend drink and drive, for example. If you can, try to keep friends who have been drinking from doing anything dangerous, such as trying to walk home at night alone or starting a fight. And protect yourself, too. Don’t get in a car with someone who’s been drinking, even if that person is your ride home. Ask a sober adult to drive you instead or call a cab.

Everyone makes decisions about whether to drink and how much — even adults. It’s possible to enjoy a party or other event just as much, if not more so, when you don’t drink. And with your central nervous system working as it’s supposed to, you’ll remember more about the great time you had!

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Click HERE to read about alcohol and how it affects the brain and your health!
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Click HERE to read about Binge drinking and the effects on your brain.
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Alcohol….MORE…
What are its short-term effects?
When a person drinks alcohol, the alcohol is absorbed by the stomach, enters the bloodstream, and goes to all the tissues. The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person’s size, weight, age, and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed. The disinhibiting effect of alcohol is one of the main reasons it is used in so many social situations. Other effects of moderate alcohol intake include dizziness and talkativeness; the immediate effects of a larger amount of alcohol include slurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea, and vomiting. Alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol can also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including domestic violence and child abuse. Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness, and fatigue.
What are its long-term effects?
Prolonged, heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction (alcoholism). Sudden cessation of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and liver. In addition, mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants may suffer from mental retardation and other irreversible physical abnormalities. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics

Source: click HERE



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In 1997, Americans drank an average of 2 gallons (7.57 liters) of alcohol per person. This translates roughly into one six-pack of beer, two glasses of wine and three or four mixed drinks per week (see MMWR: Apparent Per Capita Ethanol Consumption for details). About 35 percent of adults don’t consume alcohol, so the numbers are actually higher for those who do — alcohol is an amazingly popular social phenomenon.

If you have ever seen a person who has had too much to drink, you know that alcohol is a drug that has widespread effects on the body, and the effects vary from person to person. People who drink might be the “life of the party” or they might become s­ad and droopy. Their speech may slur and they may have trouble walking. It all depends on the amount of alcohol consumed, a person’s history with alcohol and a person’s personality.

Even though you have seen the physical and behavioral changes, you might wonder exactly how alcohol works on the body to produce those effects. What is alcohol? How does the body process it? How does the chemistry of alcohol work on the chemistry of the brain? In this article, we will examine all of the ways in which alcohol affects the human body.

Read on THIS LINK more!

Definition
Alcoholism is an illness marked by drinking alcoholic beverages at a level that interferes with physical health, mental health, and social, family, or occupational responsibilities.

Alcoholism is divided into 2 categories: dependence and abuse.

People with alcohol dependence, the most severe alcohol disorder, usually experience tolerance and withdrawal. Tolerance is a need for markedly increased amounts of alcohol to achieve intoxication or the desired effect. Withdrawal occurs when alcohol is discontinued or intake is decreased. Alcohol dependents spend a great deal of time drinking alcohol, and obtaining it.

Alcohol abusers may have legal problems such as drinking and driving. They may also have problems with binge drinking (drinking 6 or more drinks at one sitting).

People who are dependent on or abuse alcohol continue to drink it despite evidence of physical or psychological problems. Those with dependence have more severe problems and a greater compulsion to drink
Read more on alcoholism on
THIS LINK

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My first time to see white cattle!! It looks almost like the South African Drakensberger we used to have on the farm.
And these pictures are all some of my best of reflections…all in Osterley Park…before my fall!



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